Facts Checked By Freewill Beauty Experts - Written by Shreya Singh (Dietitian & Nutritionist) on 18th Sep 2020
Your No More Dry Hair Routine - Know What Causes Dry Hair & How to Fix Them Scientifically
Do you dream of having a luscious mane, which you can flaunt with ease? Well, you are not alone. It is the dream of most women. However, dry hair is the most common obstacle in having beautiful hair.
Studies have shown that there are scientific reasons that may be the root cause of having dull hair. Various factors such as heredity or certain diseases and medications can make your hair lose its sheen and lustre. As a result, your hair becomes fragile and brittle.
If you are wondering whether such a problem will cost you a fortune for treatment, you will be surprised to know it takes a few home remedy tricks to retain the natural moisture in your hair. Scientifically proven and time-tested, these natural ingredients will further boost hair growth, strengthen hair tips, and offer a natural shine to your hair.
Dry Hair—A Predominant Hair Problem
The way you style your hair depicts a lot about your personality. Yet, when it becomes brittle and dull, it is worth nourishing your hair. Consistent exposure to pollution, lack of self-care, and chronic health hazards are all responsible for dry hair. Your hair can lose its natural moisture,shine, and lustre irrespective of its texture, length, and gender. While dull hair can occur at any stage, it has gained predominance, mostly with age. Dry hair causes are endless. Nonetheless, you can regain your natural shine and healthy hair with effective treatment.
How to Understand if You Have Healthy Hair?
Human hair comprises three layers. The two essential factors that promote healthy hair are lustre and minimal shedding of hair. If you have healthy hair, the natural oil (sebum) present in the outer layer of the hair protects the inner layers and gives a radiant natural shine to your hair. But in dry hair, the outer layer breaks down and reveals unhealthy, frizzy, and dull hair.
Dry Hair Causes
1. The Impact of Weather Change
If you thought that seasonal changes only distort digestion and cause flu, take a look at your hair. The changing of seasons, along with air pollution, are the main reasons for dry hair. While you are enjoying the chilly winter, your hair is losing all its moisture. It is because a colder temperature contributes to dry hair. Lack of moisture and humidity during winter is the primary reason for having static hair that sticks to clothes.
2. Frequent Hair Wash
Even after repeated usage of premium branded hair care products, several individuals often face hair problems, mostly dull and brittle hair, with excessive hair loss. The root cause of dry hair is the lack of moisture and over-washing. These aggravate hair loss by removing the natural oil. Thus, your hair lacks its radiant shine. You may even get an itchy scalp. So, those having lively curls, cut down on the number of washes to once or twice a week, and pat your hair dry instead of rubbing.
3. Effects of Medications
While medications effectively treat any health ailment, some can have adverse effects such as excessive hair loss or dry hair. Continuous consumption of chemotherapy drugs, antidepressants, antifungal, hormonal therapy, certain antibiotics, weight loss medicines, etc. are the stimulating factors for dry hair causes. While you can not avoid some of these medications, you can consult your doctor for an alternative.
4. Heat Styling Tools
Do you want a retro look, a braided bun, or long wavy curls to complement your attire for an evening party? While heating tools can help you have any new hairstyle, it can do lasting damage to your hair. You may have read multiple ways of using dryers, straighteners, or curlers. However, there is no proven way to prevent hair damage unless you reduce its usage. So, while you are wondering how you have dry hair, simply just look back on the times you have used the dryer because you were running late for work!
5. Chemical Styling
Statistics show that women who use hair dyes and bleaches are prone to hair hazards more than others. No matter which premium brand hair product you use for straightening, perming, colouring, or curling, it makes your hair texture much drier, brittle and lose its radiance. No wonder that your hairstylist fixes your next styling appointment 20 days later, but the problem of dry hair still persists. Hence, limiting the usage of these harmful chemicals is the best way to avoid dry hair.
6. Using Wrong Hair Care Products
Utilizing the best hair care product suiting your hair texture is imperative to maintain healthy hair. Using wrong hair care products can do more harm than good to your hair. So before buying, have a look at the product ingredients. Avoid those having alcohol content as it strips off your hair's natural oil. Instead, look for products having a rich source of nourishing oils like argan oil, avocado oil, or coconut oil.
7. It is in Your Genes
Several research states that dry hair causes can pass on genetically through parents and siblings. So, if you are facing peril managing dry hair, one prime reason is your hereditary lineage.
Some other dry hair causes are your underlying health condition, which requires more attention.
- Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder that causes malnutrition and leads to brittle and dry hair.
- Hypoparathyroidism reduces the level of calcium, which is a vital nutrient for improving hair health. Having this health condition can affect your hair's natural moisture.
- Dry and brittle hair is an early symptom of hypothyroidism.
- A rare genetic disorder, Menkes Syndrome can cause dry hair as there is lower copper absorption levels in cells.
Dry Hair Treatments—An Explicit Overview
If you believe that expensive hair care products are the solution for your dry hair, you must give this a read. Before we go in-depth of various home remedies, some popular dry hair treatments include—
- Getting a trim to eliminate the split ends
- Having vitamins such as Vitamin A, C, and biotin in your regular diet
- Avoid washing your hair daily
- Wrap your hair instead of blow-drying
- Curb on your usage of styling tools
- Opt to take cold showers as a hot shower can scald your hair
- While you are under the sun, wear a hat to prevent UV rays from damaging your hair
- Incorporate omega3 fatty acids by consuming borage oil, flaxseed oil, or primrose oil capsules. You can also add Omega3 in your everyday diet by having fresh tuna, salmon, eggs, yogurt, pasta, etc.
- Using a humidifier in winter can keep your hair moisturized and reduce the occurrence of dry and damaged hair
A hair care routine to curb dry hair problem
Having healthy , silky smooth hair is a tedious task, but regular nourishment with a proper hair care routine can ease the peril.
The benefits of applying oil to moisturize dry hair are known to one and all. The science behind using oil such as argan oil, coconut oil, lavender, jojoba, or olive oil is that these are marvelous elixirs to improve your hair health. These nourishing oils contain a rich source of Vitamin E, fatty acid, and antioxidants that hydrate and moisturize the hair.
Using coconut oil thrice a week can work wonders for dry hair. Coconut oil consists of medium-chain fatty acid that prevents dryness in hair and the scalp. It acts as a natural conditioner and improves blood circulation in the hair. On the contrary, Olive oil is a potent ingredient as it contains a rich source of omega-3 fatty acid and antioxidants. They help to restore the shine and strength of your hair.
Cleaning and washing your hair at regular intervals is imperative to clean the scalp and hair and offer nourishment. For this, use SLS-free shampoos that are formulated without parabens, sulphates, and phthalates. Although these ingredients create a satisfying lather, they can cause dry hair.
Researchers say that using shampoo made of Himalayan salt is extremely beneficial for non-aggressive and light exfoliation of the scalp. This salt is rich in magnesium, calcium, iron, and potassium that aids in optimization of hair follicle activities and reduces scalp inflammation.
In your hair care routine, you may even opt for shampoos having activated charcoal as studies show that they clean your hair without stripping off the natural oil from the scalp and hair.
Hair serum has become an intrinsic part of the hair care routine to fight the problems of frizzy, dry hair. Hair serum acts as a shield for protecting your hair from external damaging agents like UV rays, heat, radiation, wind, etc. As most serums are made of silicon-based liquids, it makes them hydrophobic, meaning they don’t get washed easily and leaves a greasy and heavy effect on your hair. Frequent use of silicon-based serums can cause brittle and dry hair due to lack of moisture. So it’s best to look for hair serums that have—
- Gotukola (Indian Pennywort)
- Japa (Hibiscus)
- Grapeseed Oil
- Jojoba Oil
- Argan Oil
- Kumari (Aloe Vera)
- Bhringraj (False Daisy)
- Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia)
All these ingredients have scientifically proven to act as a natural antioxidant, have anti-inflammatory properties, deep conditions, natural sheen, and are a rich source of vital nutrients and vitamins for healthy hair.
Deep conditioning of hair to provide essential nutrients is an integral part of treating dry hair. A daily ritual of using hair conditioners can offer silky smooth hair strands. But while selecting hair conditioners avoid the ones having artificial dyes and fragrance and free of sulphates. An effective hair conditioner must have—
- essential oils like argan or jojoba oil for hydration
- keratin for reducing frizz
- silk amino acids
- citric acid
- green tea leaf extract
- sunflower seed extract
- Omega 3 fatty acid
Besides having these ingredients, you must look for hair specific conditioners because what suits one, may not be a perfect match for the other.
Home Remedy Secrets for Dry Hair Treatments
Here are some dry hair treatments which you can do at home with natural ingredients. These home remedies are scientifically proven to treat dry hair.
1. Heal with Avocado
Avocados are a rich source of fatty acid, vitamins, and minerals that will restore the lost radiance of your hair. Take an egg and mash it with ripe avocado. Apply it on wet hair and leave for 20 minutes. Then, thoroughly rinse it with cold water. Repeat this once a week if you have damaged hair and once in every month for healthy hair.
2. Go for a Shea Butter Massage
One of the dry hair treatments involves shea butter. It can have immense benefits in making your hair look gorgeous and healthy. It has anti-inflammatory properties that aid in faster hair growth and rejuvenate hair follicles. Take a small amount of shea butter and massage on your dry scalp. Use a shower cap and let it rest for half an hour. Apply shampoo to remove the shea butter and feel the soft, moisturised texture of your hair.
3. Rinse It with Tea
A cup of tea in the morning is a start to a good day! Your hair feels different after you use tea for rinsing it. Freshly brewed unsweetened raw tea can become an excellent remedy to cure dry hair as it contains caffeine. It penetrates through the hair follicles and nourishes the hair. Using green tea also protects your hair from sun damage, bacteria, dandruff, and fungi. After shampooing, use the tea to give a final rinse to the hair. Rinsing with tea also aids in retaining hair colour. Chamomile tea is ideal for blondes, while black tea is for the brunettes.
4. Egg In Shampoo
An egg is a rich source of protein for your hair and can help retain its natural moisture. The egg yolk is a nutritious food for the hair as it contains folate, biotin, Vitamins A and E that aid in the growth of healthy hair. Take a considerable amount of shampoo and add a whole egg to it. Mix well and apply it on your hair. Rest it for 10 minutes and wash thoroughly. You can even use a beaten raw egg directly on your hair and let it rest for 30 minutes. Wash it with cold water as warm water can boil the egg and leave small chunks in the hair. Apply this dry hair treatment once a month.
5. Drip a Drop of Honey
Honey comprises humectant and emollient properties which makes it an excellent moisturiser for the hair. The presence of humectant in honey bonds with water molecules and adds moisture to dry hair strands. Emollient adds shine to dull hair and smoothens the hair follicles.
Add half a cup of honey with ¼ cup of an olive oil. Blend the mixture well and apply it at the roots of your hair. Massage and let it rest for 20 minutes. Use warm water to rinse it thoroughly. Apply this mixture once or twice a month as needed. You can also add honey to rice milk. This is one of the most effective dry hair treatments.
6. An Aloe Vera Hair Mask
The benefits of aloe vera in repairing dull and damaged skin and hair are known to all. It is a rich source of Vitamin A, C, E, B-12, and folic acid that promotes hair growth. It makes hair healthy and reduces hair fall.
So, to boost healthy hair growth, mix 3 tablespoons of yogurt, 4 tablespoons of aloe vera, and 2 tablespoons of any carrier oil. Mix well and apply it from the root to the tip of the hair. Rest it for half an hour and rinse with lukewarm water and shampoo.
With these simple, scientifically-proven tips and tricks, you can rejuvenate your dry hair and have stronger and healthier hair that is moisturised. Wait no more and start caring for your hair before it's too late!